This section includes all fuels that are employed to feed both internal combustion’s engines and compression ignition engines (for example Diesel engines).
The most extensely used fuels are:
- Liquid and gaseous fossil hydrocarbons usually derived from oil, such as gasoline, liquified gas, aviation fuels, methane, LPG and NLG,
- Fuels derived from vegetable components or alcohol obtained from carbohydrate fermentation mixed with gasoline in variable quantity to feed internal combustion’s engines hereby reducing oil consumption with no substantial change in thermic potential.
Fluid or gas transfer in this field implies the need to comply with the strict requirements of the international standards in terms of safety, as a consequence of the high fire risk. For this reason, more and more end users prefer installing loading arms instead of the cheaper “flexible hoses” to ensure a risk-free transfer according to the relevant safety standards.